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How to Take Care of Your High Heels
Category - Grooming
Authored by readxp team on Wed, 11/23/2016 - 14:17

Marilyn Monroe nailed it when she said “I don’t know who invented high heels, but all women owe him a lot ”. As far as my opinion goes, I don’t mind the slight ‘pinch’ that I get while adding an ‘inch’ to my height with my favourite stilettos. When we women put on our high heels, we have a different posture, a different attitude. We really stand up and have a consciousness of our body.  Heels transform our body language and attitude. They lift us up not only  physically but also emotionally. I always follow our heart while buying  heels and not my brain. Now here’s the thing about our favourite purchase (which generally costs us a fortune!): it requires a commitment from our side that we will take good care of the heels and in return they will last longer with us. So here are the 10 best ways to take care of your high heels and keep them pretty season after season:-

Best ways to take care of your high heels:

1.   Instead of Plastic heel base go for Rubber heel base.  In most of the stilettos, the backing over the tip of the heel is made of plastic, which tends to grind against concrete, says expert. “And after a few uses, half of it gets worn down which exposes the metal point of the heel. It makes it difficult for you to walk in it and changes the entire look of the shoe.” Hence, once you’ve invested in your statement heel, take it to a cobbler to have the plastic base swapped out for a more durable rubber equivalent.

pinterest.jpg2.   Heel savers/ stoppers.  Using a protective plastic cap over the heel will prevent it from wear and tear and thus increase the look and life many folds. They come in different colours or are even transparent, which can go with any colour heels.
 

3.   Do not Stomp while wearing heels.  Try to walk gently and elegantly. That is the whole purpose of wearing high heels, right? Remember you have invested a fortune in those heels so be aware of how you’re putting your foot down on the ground.

4.   Be Careful while Taking off your shoes.  Step out of your heels as delicately and with as much care as when you put them on. When you don’t untie them and use your foot to remove the opposite shoe, it crushes the heel cap as the heel and toe cap hold the form of the shoe.

flickr.jpg5.   Do some water proofing for your heels.  The roads and streets will always be full of puddles and dirt so it's better that you waterproof your footwear.There are water repellents available for shoes in the market that will help protect your favourite stilettos from water. Not only water, it will protect your footwear from dirt and grime.  

6.   Use Antiperspirant spray on your foot.  If you have plans to wear your heels for longer hours in the evening (and dance wearing them!!), it’s better you spray some antiperspirant on your foot before wearing your footwear. This will save your shoe’s leather from the sweat and moisture from your foot. 

7.   Don’t wear them while driving.  Never drive wearing heels as it is a sure way to damage your shoes as the pressure on your heels from driving can cause heels or shanks to break. Wear a flipflops while driving car.

wikihow.jpg8.   Clean your shoes regularly.  You should know the material of your footwear. To maintain footwear made out of fabric or velour you should rely mostly on soapy water and soft cloth. After every use, remove the dirt and other impurities attached on your footwear. This will let your footwear breath. Make sure you only slightly dampen the cloth because you do not want to soak your shoe in the water. If you find a particularly tough scuff mark or stain, try gently scrubbing with the tiniest dab of baking soda and a used toothbrush, (a spot-test is recommended first). If it’s a leather footwear, then you should wash your shoes with a leather shampoo, a conditioner (like the classic Leather Honey conditioner), a soft brush (maybe a used toothbrush) and cold water. Notwithstanding the material of the footwear, post washing, ensure that they are completely dried up (even little amount of water left can cause moulds and fungus growth).

9.   Be Careful while drying your shoes.  Post washing (or after accidently soaking your stilettos in water), don’t try to dry them in the sun and definitely don’t blast them with a hair dryer. They need to dry slowly and steadily in order to maintain its shape; so stuff your wet heels with newspaper and let your heels dry out evenly on their own. 

 10.   Store them correctly.  When not in use, don’t just dump them in the bottom of the wardrobe. Put them in linen dust bags and line them on the floor of the wardrobe or wherever you keep them. You can also put a small packet of silica gel to suck the moisture. It is best to store the shoes at room temperature and away from direct sunlight. Invest in a good shoe closet so that they stay longer and aren't affected by outside elements.

Don’t you get bogged down seeing all these tips to take care of your high heels because all these effort will pays off every time you pull out that statement piece, season after season!!

Correct Order for Applying Skincare Products
Category - Grooming
Authored by readxp team on Fri, 11/18/2016 - 12:26

I am a big believer in that if you focus on good skin care routine, you won’t actually need a lot of makeup. It may seem like an overstatement, but our skin care routine is EVERYTHING! How we take care of our skin affects how our makeup looks and how we age. It also helps us from troublesome skin issues and can lessen signs of skin discoloration. But with all of the products on the market and each cream and serum serving a different purpose, it’s hard to keep it all straight. We wonder if it really matters as to when and in what order should we apply our skin care products? Are we supposed to moisturize our face before applying eye cream? Or is that serum supposed to go on after the toner? Is there actually a Correct Order for Applying Skincare Products. It is confusing to say the least!

Why Sequence Matters

You can invest in the finest skincare in the world, but if you apply products in the wrong order they'll never reach their full impact. Applying your skin care products in the proper order ensures that your skin receives the full benefits of each product. For example, if you applied a cream-based product first followed by a serum, the cream’s emolliency would prevent the serum from reaching the skin. Many moisturizers also contain water, and if you apply a moisturizer over a sunscreen, you would in effect be watering down your sunscreen and diluting its efficacy.

What is the Correct Order for Applying Skincare Products ?

An easy rule of thumb to follow is to apply your products with the thinnest consistency to thickest, or from liquid to oil i.e., go lightest to heaviest. Following is the correct sequence in which the skin care products are to be applied for best results :

1. Cleanser: Start by removing dirt and oil build-up with your facial cleanser. If you have some water-proof make-up on your face, then double cleansing is recommended for you, which involves using a cleansing oil (you can use coconut oil, olive oil or baby oil) first to dissolve your makeup (Oil is a gentle way to thoroughly cleanse your skin without having to scrub harshly or strip it of its natural oils) and then washing your face again with your regular cleanser. This leaves your skin fresh and perfectly prepped to absorb your skin regimen. For a thorough cleanse, exfoliate at least once or twice a week.

You may also like to read : Morning Rituals for Glowing Skin

2.   Toner: After cleansing, apply an alcohol-free toner and leave it damp on the skin. Most people choose to skip toners, partly because there’s a lingering assumption that most toners are harsh and irritate the skin. Fortunately, with the new breed of toners, that’s not the case anymore. Toners serve multiple purpose, like acts as a carrier to deliver the ingredients in your serum deeper into the skin, removes face wash residue plus chlorine, salts, and minerals found in tap water, as well as plumps skin cells with hydration. Additionally, each type of toner is intended for a different skin issue, so it’s important to use the right kind for your skin concern. The Rosewater Facial toner from Forest Essentials is one of the best toners that I have used till date. If you have a combination skin, this toner is highly recommended.

3.   Spot Treatment: If you are under any kind of topical medication for acne or other skin issues then prescription medications and spot treatments need to be applied as close to the skin as possible to maximize their benefits. For example, in case of acne treatments, the ointment dries up excess oil and kills bacteria in your problem spots. For best results, allow at least five minutes before layering on your next product to ensure it doesn’t knock out the benefits of the medication.

4.   Serum: Serums are super-concentrated, nutrient-dense treatments that address specific concerns. There are a wide range of varieties available with different ingredients; so most of your selection process will come down to your specific needs. Look for ingredients that are beneficial to your skin type, such as white tea for calming redness, peptides for firming, Hyaluronic acid for hydrating, and vitamin C for brightening. They should always be applied to the skin while it's still damp so that it seals in moisture.

5.   Moisturizer or Face Oils: This is the most staple step in the skin care regimen. It protects the skin and doubles as a sealant, keeping the other ingredients in the skin. The best time to apply a moisturizer is when the skin is still moist. After using a gentle cleanser, lightly pat your face damp, apply your treatments and serums and then immediately apply a layer of moisturizer to lock in the hydration.

You may also like to read : Argan Oil - What is the Hype All About? How to Buy Genuine Argan Oil

6.   Eye Cream: Most eye creams are heavier and more concentrated than regular moisturizer. According to dermatologists, it’s vital to apply an eye cream at least every night, if not twice a day, starting in your 20s. It’s about maintaining the health and thickness of the eyelid skin. Improving the skin quality in this area early on ensures that the eyelid skin does not easily lose laxity and appears smooth later on. Consistency is the key for best results. Regular use of eye cream over time will keep the eyelid skin elastic and can improve or prevent against some fine lines or collagen loss.

7.   Sunscreen: This is a step that should never be skipped. It acts as a barrier against the sun's harmful rays. This should be the last application on your face so as to ensure its full benefit against the sun damage. Even if your moisturizer or any other skin care products claims to have SPF, it is advisable that you apply a Sunscreen to have a sure shot protection against any sun damage.

You may also like to read : Sunscreen Do's and Dont's

The correct order of applying the skin care productsHere is a graphic that illustrates precisely how to layer your serums, moisturizer, and so on when you get ready in the morning.

And finally….

While following this routine allows for greater absorption of nutrients, it’s still better to listen to your skin and find out what really works for you. It’s important to remember that you are unique and that nobody else has your skin. What may work wonders for your best friend may not be ideally suited for you. My best advice is to find what works for you and be kind to your skin.

Remember beauties, “I regret taking such good care of my skin” – said no one ever!

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Whatsapp Facebook Phone Number Sharing Deal
Category - Tech-no-Tip
Authored by readxp team on Sat, 08/27/2016 - 07:07

Google knows more about you than you yourself, so does whatsapp and facebook. And with Whatsapp Facebook deal sealed couple of years back, they are probably a step ahead. And now, with the latest Whatsapp Facebook Phone Number Sharing Deal, they might go a step further.

Ever since the purchase of Whatsapp for a whooping $22 billion, Mr Z has been trying to expand his majestic empire. And The D Day has come. If you have updated your whatsapp recently, you would have noticed that whatsapp asked you to agree to their updated terms and conditons. 

But who reads T & C. Neither do I, nor do you, right ?

Whatsapp Facebook Phone Number Sharing DealMr Z has commenced his monetizing program with the latest update push for whatsapp. For that he needs to ease out the stringent rules of the free messaging service whatsapp, so that data can be used for targeted advertisement of Facebook. Thus, enabling businesses to reach out to its billion plus user base.

Good News is that it is not possible without your consent.
And Bad news is that most of you have given your consent, by just tapping on a small little button.

If you have not updated your Whatsapp and not given your consent to the new policies. Pay attention while updating, look for following message on your screen and uncheck the box next to it.

“Share my WhatsApp account information with Facebook to improve my Facebook ads and products experiences. Your chats and phone number will not be shared onto Facebook regardless of this setting.”

What is Whatsapp Facebook Phone Number Sharing Deal

Simple. Whatsapp will share your Phone Number with Facebook. Point to be noted is that, putting your phone number in your Facebook Profile is completely  optional, Many of us don’t put. But that’s not the case with Whatsapp. Whatsapp needs a verfied phone number. With this Whatsapp Facebook deal, Facebook is trying to bridge this Gap.

Based on your browsing pattern and now based on your Whatsapp data, Facebook will serve you with targeted advertisements.

But, what is that Whatsapp data that will be shared with Facebook, is yet to be known.

Under the Scanner

Information Commission of UK is already on it and investigating the fallouts of this new Whatsapp Facebook deal.

In the words of Information Commissioner Elizabeth Denham

“The changes WhatsApp and Facebook are making will affect a lot of people. Some might consider it’ll give them a better service, others may be concerned by the lack of control.

 

“Our role is to pull back the curtain on things like this, ensuring that companies are being transparent with the public about how their personal data is being shared, and protecting consumers by making sure the law is being followed.

 

“We’ve been informed of the changes. Organisations do not need to get prior approval from the ICO to change their approaches, but they do need to stay within data protection laws. We are looking into this.

Same can be checked on the Official Website of Information Commission UK.

Well, its not all that bad as it seems. Many messaging services like WeChat have turned into a platform for businesses to interact with customers. And whatsapp facebook phone number sharing deal is following similar trend.

However, according to popular opinion "its my right whether I want them to have my phone number or not, you just can’t take it from me and hand it over to Facebook."

Through the Official blog post, WhatsApp has emphasised upon its commitment to end-to-end-encryption. But the actions indeed are not in lines with the privacy policy initially promised.

Read : How Encryption Works

 

How do I stop Whatsapp from sharing my Phone Number with Facebook.

  • Tap whatsapp icon
  • Go to Settings
  • Tap Account
  • Uncheck Share my account info

 

Complete opt-out

Complete opt-out from this whatsapp facebook phone number sharing deal is not possible at this stage. But a Partial opt-out offered by Whatsapp can stop your phone number being shared with Facebook and ultimately stop tracking of your phone behaviors for targeted advertisement.

Whatsapp doesn't allow complete opt-out because they need data for following

“for other purposes such as improving infrastructure and delivery systems, understanding how our services or theirs are used, securing systems, and fighting spam, abuse, or infringement activities”.

Have a look at the official Website of Whatsapp, what they have to say

How to Stop Whatsapp from Sharing my Phone Number

Key Updates

SPREAD THE WORD AND SHARE IT WITH YOUR FRIENDS

 

How to Check your Position While in Flight using a Smartphone
Category - Tech-no-Tip
Authored by readxp team on Sat, 08/13/2016 - 18:29

You have just boarded your flight from Delhi to Chennai. Its a long Flight. Thanks to Air India, most of the display screen infront of you does not work, and Indigo does not give you that screen, Isnt it ! And then you think of this song

 I'm sitting here in a boring room, it's just another rainy

Sunday afternoon. I'm wasting my time, I got nothing to do

I'm hanging around, I'm waiting for you

But nothing ever happens - and I wonder

Nice song isn’t it. Well you can hear it here, but only after reading this article.

And then you are like :-

  • What’s my position,
  • What’s the speed of my flight,
  • What’s my height above the ground
  • At what speed does my Flight Take Off

Nice to know things, isn’ t it !!

Well, you can check all those thing, without bothering the pilot and without flouting flight safety rules. All you need is a smart phone and few apps available freely on google play store. Yes, freely, because we in India don’t  believe in buying softwares / apps / music online. Leave buying, I have never even thought of buying. Well after the torrentz shutdown, our life has taken a hit.

Anyway ... Coming back to the topic, install following apps from Google Play Store. (Also available on istore for ios)

Phone Tester
Maps.me

Phone TesterMaps.me

 

 

 

** Google Maps needs data connection whereas Maps.me doesn't

Procedure for Installing Phone Tester
(Install using Phone 3G / WiFi)

Download apk file and click next next next.

And you are done.

Procedure for Installing Maps.me
(Install using WiFi preferably)

Download apk file
Zoom anywhere in India
Message will be displayed to download map with routing
Click on download with routing

maps-routing.jpgmaps-downloading.jpg

An offline Map of India will get Downloaded.

And you are done.

Check your speed and Height above ground

  Put your phone in Airplane mode. (To avoid admonition from Air India Hostess :)
  Switch ON your GPS (keeping phone in airplane mode)

  Tap on phone tester
  Tap on GPS Status

  Wait for Some GPS satellites to lock on ...

phone-tester-gps.png

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have patience, it takes some time for the GPS to lock on inside an Aircraft.
The app will display the no. of satellites locked on.

Once your phone locks on to GPS. Following information will be displayed

  • Latitude,
  • Longitude,
  • Bearing (direction),
  • Altitude
  • speed

Voila, you have Position, Height and Speed of your aircraft on your phone. Cool isn't it !

phone-tester-data.png

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Well, in the above pic, my speed is zero since I am on my couch writing this article without moving. But, your app will give you the speed of your Aircraft.

Not Happy ! 

Latitude and Longitude doesn’t impress you.  It doesn’t make any sense to you. Rather you find it piece of junk like me.

Then maps.me will come for rescue. Minimise phone tester app.

  • Tap on maps.me app
  • Tap on position locator symbol on left bottom

And again, Voila.

You have your position on the map.

So, now you know whether you are flying above the Pink City Jaipur, or the City of Joy Kolkata or some other City.

Explore this method, and find out how many maneuvers does the pilot do, how many left rights he takes, how far he goes while taking a detour to avoid rough weather, when does your Aircraft lose height.

Same goes for your train travel. You get a call from your parents / spouse / siblings asking about your position and you don't know what to answer. Launch your maps.me app and get your exact location instantly.

Thats not all.

Phone Tester gives you a lot more information regarding your phone's hardware. Similarly maps.me can be used for bookmarking places and offline navigation when you don't have the luxury of google maps.

Explore these Apps share with your friends and let us know, what you feel about it .....

For more tips and trick follow us on facebook, twitter and subscribe. Contact us at [email protected] if you need any specific tech tips and trips.

Coming Soon -  How to book Confirmed Tatkal Tickets without revealing your banking details to third party

 

How whatsapp Encryption works series
Category - Tech-no-Tip
Authored by readxp team on Tue, 07/12/2016 - 17:31

This is the second blog in the series “Understanding How whatsapp Encryption works”. If you have read my first blog of the series, you would remember that "INTERNET IS ALWAYS INSECURE" and 

“No encryption method is fool-proof neither of Bob nor of whatsapp. But they achieve their purpose. They use encryption algorithms which are so strong that breaking it takes so much time that the message is rendered useless by then. For Bob’s encryption to break it took 3 months, with advancement in technology, for whatsapp it can take 3000 years.”

Now that you have understood the actual concept of encryption. Its time to move ahead, and know little bit more about encryption and cryptography.

If I recall correctly, Last time Alice and bob decided to replace their alphabets in their message with something else known only to them through the private keys. This is just one way of encryption. Alternatively they could have met and bought a lock with two keys, one for each. Then Alice can put message inside a box, lock it and send it through horse-rider to Bob.  Similarly Bob could also send messages locked in box to Alice. Here the shared secret is the key, for which Bob and Alice must meet atleast once physically. This method also falls in the category of Private-key cryptography only since it involves a shared secret key.

Let's take our story forward. Alice had to move to another town to expand her business. Now She will not be able to meet Bob to buy locks with two keys together. They needed a another system now. Private-key Cryptography isn't solving the purpose.

Screenshot from 2016-07-13 15:14:47.pngAlice goes to market, buys a padlock and marks it padlock-A.

She Keeps one key with herself and destroys the spare ones.

 

 

 

 

Screenshot from 2016-07-13 15:16:57.pngShe unlocks the Padlock-A using her key, then sends the lock to Bob through her horse-rider.

Bob receives padlock-A in unlocked condition.

 

 

 

Screenshot from 2016-07-13 15:22:44.pngHe puts his message inside a box locks it just by pressing the padlock and hands over the box to the rider.

Alice receives the box opens it with her key and reads the message. 

But, This is only one way communication.  What if, Alice had to send something to Bob.

Similar to Alice. Now, Bob also buys a padlock-B and sends it in unlocked condition to Alice through his horse rider.

Now they can exchange messages without having the need to meet physically to share some secret key.

This methodology of Alice and Bob came to be known as Public-key Cryptography.

Public-key Cryptography involves two components :-

  • Public-key  :  Padlock of Alice is her Public-key. Because it can be handed over to anyone from whom, she wishes to receive messages securely.
  • Private-key  :  Key of padlock is her Private-key. It's a private entity and shouldn't be handed over to anyone.

With advancement in technology, both public and private keys have been replaced by digital keys (few lines of codes). It is now possible to release our public keys to everyone, while we keep our private keys safe. Anyone on internet can send us messages over the internet (insecure channel) after locking it with our public key. Upon receipt we can decrypt the message using our private key.

Want to know Diffie-Hellman ! Watch out for the third blog in the Series How Whatsapp Encryption Works.

How whatsapp Encryption works series
Category - Tech-no-Tip
Authored by readxp team on Mon, 07/11/2016 - 18:28

So, you want to understand the complex encryption procedure incorporated by whatsapp that has sent governments around the world in frenzy. The magical wand which once waved will encrypt your messages in such a way that nobody except the authorised recipient can decipher not even whatsapp.

Mantra of cryptography - “INTERNET IS ALWAYS INSECURE”

Have a look at following terms

 Private Key cryptography
Public Key cryptography
Diffie-Hellman Protocol
Elliptical curve cryptography (ECC)
Curve 25519 key pair

“I am leaving, understanding such complex concept isn’t my cup of tea. I am not a computer person you see ! ”

If, that’s what you were thinking then this series of blogs is meant exactly for you. We must first understand actual Concept of Encryption and what it aims to achieve. 

As of now, Forget everything and just read this simple story first.

eve.jpgManalice.pngbob-1.pngy years back, once upon a time there were two friends Alice and Bob. They had a common enemy named Eve who was known to be evil, intelligent and shrewd. Alice and Bob exchanged a lot of business information which shouldn’t be accessible to third person, else it might jeopardize their business.

So what options do they have !!

Since, they stayed in different villages and motorised vehicle wasn’t invented back then, daily exchange of information wasn’t feasible. So, they decided to walk down and meet up every Saturday, in person, to exchange information. The information was regarding the details of the new product they were going to launch in next few days.

rider_0.pngBut, They were busy guys, this “meeting in person” thing wasn’t working. So, they hired horse riders to deliver messages for them. But what if the riders reads the message or worse, gets captured by Eve.  

To avoid this hassle. Alice and Bob decide to hold a secret meeting. There they agreed to scramble their information in such a way that it would look like gibberish to third person. They encrypted their information by replacing each alphabet with a corresponding number. For eg, 1 means A, 2 means B, 3 means C and so on.

This is just a simple example, actually a more complicated methodology was adopted by them for encryption. The basic concept remained the same, they basically replaced readable alphabets with something else. How this scrambling has been done was written in another notebook called private-key. This private key is a shared secret between the two parties that can be used to maintain a private information link.

Both Alice and Bob kept a copy of private key in their personal custody. There was no way Eve could access it (hopefully) !

Eve had gone on a  holiday to Hawai and the horse-rider successfully exchanged messages between Alice and Bob.

They didn’t need to meet up at all. Horse-rider will keep delivering messages and they can decrypt and read messages easily.

Bob feels, how smart he has been. Every Saturday he goes to local bar to enjoy his hot sausages and chilled beer. Life has never been so good for Bob until one day he finds out that his business information is being used by Eve. 

Actually, Eve was stealing all encrypted messages from the horse-rider while he halted for taking rest. Eve was able to decrypt Alice & Bob’s encrypted message after working on it for 3 months. After all Bob is a human and yes there were people who were smarter than him. So, after 3 months of hard work, trying various permutation and combination Eve was able to figure out how encryption was done. Once he knew the encryption process, just by reversing the steps he was able to decrypt it. So now, Eve had a replica of private-key of Alice and Bob with him. He has been reading the encrypted messages merrily and enhancing his own business at the cost of Alice and Bob.

alicesad_opt.pngAlice and Bob were devastated, their business was badly hit. It was time for some counter measures. Alice suggested to change the horse-riders with more loyal and efficient ones. Hbob sad_opt.pngowever, Bob was not convinced that merely changing horse riders would solve their purpose.

They, then decided to change encrypting method and hence the private-key every month.

At first it looks like just a minor upgrade to the information security policy of Alice and Bob.

Well, it wasn’t a minor upgrade. Bob and Alice arrived at this formula after having many brain-storming sessions.

What I did not tell you was that Bob had served for 2 years in King’s Military Intelligence and had good terms with them. He was able to find out how Eve obtained his messages and how much time it took him to re-construct private-key for deciphering their messages.

What did they achieve ??

Now even if, horse-rider voluntarily / involuntarily handed encrypted messages to Eve. Eve could only decrypt messages of one month at max. Because Alice and Bob would change the private key every month.

But, wait a minute . . . .

Can Eve actually decrypt any of the messages and use it to his advantage?

The answer is no.

Here’s the master stroke of Alice and Bob.

Lets understand it with an example.

On 01 Jan  :   Alice and Bob change their private key.

On 02 Jan  :   Horse-riders delivers encrypted message to Alice and Bob.

On 03 Jan   :  Eve gets a copy of encrypted message, somehow.

Now, Eve starts to work on understanding the encryption method used so that he is able to decrypt it.

If you are as smart as Bob, you would remember that encryption method is so complex that it takes 03 months for Eve to break it.

So, On 03 Apr, Eve is able to break the encryption.

But,

On 01 Feb, 01 Mar and 01 Apr, Alice and Bob have already changed the private key. So, even though Eve has broken the encryption its of no use to him. He is able to decrypt messages sent in the month of Januarymickey minnie_opt (1).png only in April. By then, the messages would have lost all its significance and is nothing more than a piece of Junk. ( Bob & Alice would have launched their product in market by then)

Problem Solved. Alice and Bob lived happily ever after.

Welcome back to 21st century. Now Replace 

Bob with – yourself
Alice with – your friend
Horse-rider with – your carrier service like whatsapp / gmail / yahoomail etc
Eve with – Attacker / Hackers waiting to exploit your personal information.

Bottom-line – No encryption method is fool-proof neither of Bob nor of whatsapp. But they achieve their purpose. They use encryption algorithms which are so strong that breaking it takes so much time that the message is rendered useless by then. For Bob’s encryption to break it took 3 months, with advancement in technology, for whatsapp it can take 3000 years.

And that’s the basic concept of encryption. 

Oh, I forgot to mention. The Encryption method used by Alice and Bob is known as  Private-key Cryptography or symmetric-key cryptography in today’s world. AES and DES fall in this category.

Wondering what is Public Key Cryptography !!  Lets read another story here.